Subject-verb agreement rules may seem daunting for Grade 3 students, but understanding them is crucial for effective communication in writing and speaking. In this article, we will explore the basic rules of subject-verb agreement and provide some helpful tips for students to master this concept in their writing.
What is subject-verb agreement?
Subject-verb agreement refers to the need for subjects and verbs to agree in number. In other words, if the subject is singular, the verb must also be singular. If the subject is plural, the verb must also be plural. This basic rule may sound simple, but it can often trip up even the most proficient writers.
Example: The dog runs in the park. (singular subject and verb)
Example: The dogs run in the park. (plural subject and verb)
Simple tips for Grade 3 students
Here are some simple tips to help Grade 3 students master subject-verb agreement in their writing:
1. Identify the subject: Before selecting the correct verb, it is essential to identify the subject of the sentence. The subject is typically the person, place, or thing that performs the action in the sentence.
Example: Linda eats a sandwich.
In this sentence, “Linda” is the subject, as she is the one performing the action of eating.
2. Match the verb to the subject: Once the subject has been identified, the verb must match the subject in number. If the subject is singular, the verb must be singular. If the subject is plural, the verb must be plural.
Example: The cats play with toys.
In this sentence, “cats” is the subject, and “play” is the verb, as both are plural.
3. Watch out for tricky subjects: Some subjects can be tricky to identify, especially when they are separated by prepositional phrases or other words. Encourage students to read the sentence carefully and look for the subject before selecting the verb.
Example: The box of crayons is on the table.
In this sentence, “box” is the subject, even though it comes after a prepositional phrase (“of crayons”). Therefore, the verb “is” should be used to match the singular subject.
Subject-verb agreement may seem like a small detail, but it is an essential part of effective communication in writing and speaking. By following these simple rules and tips, Grade 3 students can improve their writing skills and ensure that their sentences are clear and grammatically correct.